The work of the human brain is provided by the activity of its two hemispheres, which have a certain functional specialization (the left one is responsible for figurative, humanitarian thinking; the right one is for symbolic, mathematical). In the implementation of higher mental reactions, the joint activity of the hemispheres plays an essential role. For the development of intelligence, it is necessary to develop the interaction between the hemispheres. Given this, it can be assumed that the development of intelligence and logical thinking in children may be distorted due to a violation of the interhemispheric transmission of information. Therefore, in order to stimulate the intellectual development of the child, it is necessary to use kinesiology exercises. It is special kinesiology exercises that are fully able to cope with this task.
Works by N.S. Leites, A.N. Leontiev, V.N. Bekhterev proved the positive impact of hand manipulations on the development of children’s speech and on the functionality of higher nervous activity in general. Thus, the improvement of thought and intellectual processes must begin with the development of movements of the body and fingers. That is, developmental work should be carried out in the direction from movement to logical thinking, and not vice versa. For this purpose, special exercises were developed: breathing, motor, finger games, stretching, etc. Under the influence of kinesiology exercises, positive complex-structural changes occur in the child’s body. And the more intense the load (within reason), the more significant these changes. Furthermore,
Logical thinking is a mental function that ensures the learning and life of the child. The development of thinking is associated with an understanding of the functional purpose of certain objects, with the formation of an idea of difference and similarity, with an understanding of cause-and-effect relationships. The following work structure is used in the development of logical thinking:
1) We establish the connection "drawing – object – word";
2) Establish a connection between the picture and the event;
3) Learning to understand the meaning of plot pictures;
4) Learning to understand a series of plot pictures.
Another positive aspect of conducting kinesiology classes is that they give not only a quick, but also a cumulative effect, while developing logical thinking and increasing mental activity in general. There is a basic requirement for using kinesiology methods. This is the exact execution of all techniques and movements. Before teaching a child, the teacher must first master all the exercises himself, and then perform them with the children, gradually increasing the time and complexity from lesson to lesson.
Kinesiology plays a significant role in the development of intelligence, in particular, logical thinking in preschool children. The developing kinesiology technique has a beneficial effect on the development of intelligence, correction of learning, and also significantly improves the state of social adaptation and physical health of preschoolers.