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Trends and prospects for the development of information technology


entered a new era of rapid development of technology. Today, people cannot do without such a useful item as a computer. The information age requires the development and implementation of new IT in almost every area of ​​human activity – this is science, culture, management, education, and production.

At present, it is impossible to effectively manage different systems and social organizations without the use of information resources. This is due to the fact that in the process of management it is necessary to prepare, adopt and implement a chain of successive decisions based on the information that is a reflection of the state of managed objects and the environment.

Trends and prospects for the development of information technology

The role of information computer technologies in the development of society is the informatization of society. It is based on a set of measures that are aimed at the full use of reliable, comprehensive and timely knowledge in every type of human activity. The more knowledge and skills a person has, the more valuable an employee, interlocutor or person he is.

The social sphere consists of stable large groups of people (social communities) and relations between them. The development and vital activity of the social sphere is possible only through the exchange of information. It has become necessary to introduce modern computer information technologies into the social sphere due to the complication of the socio-economic situation in society, its dependence on information and organizational flows. In modern conditions, it is impossible to solve social, economic, managerial and other problems by manually processing information, so the role of information technology in the development of society is strategically important, and the importance of these technologies will grow every year. It is these technologies that today have a decisive role in the technological development of the country. IT has unique properties,

Trends and prospects for the development of information technology

IT Development Trends

Modern IT is characterized by the following trends:

  • Currently, there are a huge number of different databases with information about almost all types of activities of the company.
  • Thanks to new technologies, a lot of users have interactive access to these databases. The technical basis of this trend is laid in public and private communication and data transmission systems, as well as in specialized, united in regional, national and global information networks.
  • Information systems include elements of intellectualization of user interfaces, expert, machine, auto-indexed technological tools.

The main trend in the development of IT is the formation of a market for software products and the provision of services. Factors hindering the development of the communications sector are:

  • Uneven development of communication infrastructure.
  • Insufficient RF resource required to implement new technologies.
  • Many spacecraft operate beyond their lifetime.
  • Digital broadcasting technologies are not well developed.
  • Further expansion of the subscriber base is difficult due to the primary saturation of the mobile communications market.
  • The postal infrastructure is not developed enough to implement modern services.

Video about the role of information technology in the development of society

IT Development Prospects

Trends and prospects for the development of information technology depend on the following factors:

  • A proportional level of information availability.
  • Sufficiently developed telecommunications, computer equipment and basic software that meets modern global standards.
  • Training of ICT specialists corresponding to international standards.

Currently, Russia is in third place in the world in terms of penetration of cellular communications (after the USA and China), as well as in software development (after China and India) and in terms of foreign government orders. However, broadband access services in the country are developing much more slowly than in other leading countries. Prospects for the development of information and communication technologies include the following goals:

  • It is planned to modernize the infrastructure of the federal postal service, that is, to reconstruct its facilities, create an infrastructure for the provision of such services as postal, state, retail and financial.
  • Develop a unified telecommunication network, including a third-generation network that will make it possible to use videotelephony, high-speed Internet access, and watch movies and TV programs on mobile phones.
  • To develop digital television and radio broadcasting, to increase the quantity and quality of television programs received.

What are the prospects for the development of information technology? According to experts, the subsectors will develop on the basis of current investment. In the coming years, it is planned to improve cable TV, broadband access, distribution services, and overcome the digital divide between regions.

By 2020, it is planned to significantly increase the volume of communication services compared to 2015 by almost three times. To achieve this goal, additional investments in all telecom operators in the amount of 2.5 trillion rubles are required. It is assumed that the IT market will increase by 5.9 times by 2020.

Video about the prospects for the development of information and communication technologies

Thanks to the colossal successes and achievements in the field of technology and technology, the development of science-intensive industries, the scientific and technological revolution today is a natural process.

The development of communications and the growth of the educational level contribute to the transformation of "know-how" immediately after their invention into universal property. The dynamic development of the market and the complexity of its infrastructure contribute to the transformation of information into energy and material strategic resources.