As you know, the West Germans, among whom the Angles, Saxons, Frisians and Jutes played the main role in the formation of the modern English nation, from the middle of the 5th century began to actively invade the island of Britain and occupied a significant part of its territory. At the same time, they did not go to empty, but to already occupied and inhabited lands, so there were no battles and wars. But who lived on the island before the arrival of West Germanic tribes from mainland Europe?
This fact of history is known: they were Celtic tribes, for example, Gaels, Cornish, Welsh, Picts and others, who began to populate Great Britain as early as the 3rd millennium BC, as well as Belgae and Britons. It was the Britons who gave the modern name not only to the British Isle, but also to the Brittany Peninsula, which has long been part of France. Another very important group of Celts lived in France – these were the tribes of the Gauls. Then France was called Gaul. It was with the Celts that the Germans had to fight in the struggle for new territories. And although the culture of the Celtic tribes as a whole was higher, the West Germans began to dominate most of the island. Perhaps this was due to the great perseverance and perseverance of the Germans: it was these properties that they showed in battles and the seizure of new lands. The Celts began to slowly assimilate and adopt the language of the Germans, which became known as English. Subsequently, this also affected those Celts who inhabited the neighboring large island of Ireland and a number of small islands.
But let’s go back to the time when the Germanic tribes mentioned above settled the island and pushed back the Celts, who were forced to receive unexpected and uninvited guests. The fact is that some people left this island after all. Before the Celts, Foggy Albion was inhabited mainly by Iberians and some other tribes of non-Indo-European origin. In the III century BC. the Celts came from mainland Europe, mastering an almost uninhabited island. And at this time, the Roman Empire was rapidly developing, the Romans occupied the remote corners of Europe. Arriving in the 1st millennium AD. and to Britain, they got acquainted with the local nobility, she began to adopt the culture of the Romans and actively use the Latin language. Nothing foreshadowed the departure of the Romans, when suddenly …
The collapse of the empire was near. Roman legions withdraw from all the outskirts to defend the center. In 407, the Romans finally leave Britain. The Celts are left alone for a while. They begin to form a full-fledged state. But since 449, the Western Germans begin to visit them, but what happens next, we already know.
But what happens to the Roman Empire? Degradation, internal discord, weakening discipline in the legions? Perhaps, but we are interested in another reason – the East Germanic tribes rushed to the Roman Empire – the Goths, Vandals and Burgundians. Under their onslaught, it was difficult for the Romans to resist. The East Germans carried out one raid after another, everywhere they took control of the empire into their own hands. As a result, they helped their western brethren easily take Britain. After all, if the Romans had not had to leave the island, it would have been much more difficult to capture it.
And here is the paradox! The Goths, Vandals and Burgundians, who played such a significant role not only in the settlement of Britain, but also in the history of all of Europe, themselves soon disappeared among other peoples, leaving only a few evidence of their existence.
Well, history is unpredictable and things can take the most unexpected turn for everyone.